The Commanders Respond

March 1996
This marks the fifth year that we have asked the commanders of the world’s navies to enter the forum. Twenty-three commanders answered this year’s question: “What is the most important ...

China's Mahan

By Lieutenant Commander Jeffrey B. Goldman, U.S. Naval Reserve
March 1996
Winner International Navies Essay ContestAs Commander of the Chinese Navy from 1982-88, Liu Huaqing direction his service away from coastal defense and toward a blue-water capability. Now one of ...

New Environment, New Response

By Lieutenant Colonel Robert Fry, Royal Marines
March 1996
First Honorable Mention International Navies Essay ContestSince the late 18th century, Britain has embraced a maritime strategy built around decisive fleet engagements. But today's strategic environment demands new approaches ...

A European Navy Far From Home

By Alexander Wooley
March 1996
Like most NATO nations, Canada is planning a future of lighter forces, counting on U.S. carrier power and amphibious and sealift capabilities for multilateral operations. But it may be time ...

What Are the Threats?

By Rear Admiral David J. Campbell, Royal Australian Navy
March 1996
The end of the Cold War may not have brought an end to history, but it assuredly brought an end to certainty—here, Russian workers cut apart pieces of Tupolev ...

Security Cooperation in Asia Pacific

By Captain Brian Robertson, Royal Australian Navy
March 1996
The time is right to pursue collective security in Asia Pacific—here, ships of five regional navies gather in Australian waters in March 1995 for Kakadu II—and the challenge is to ...

Maintaining First World Standards in the Third World

By Commander David Guy Jamieson, South African Navy
March 1996
The South African Navy stands poised to transform itself into a modern navy, capable of meeting regional needs and assisting the international community.In 1994, South Africa transitioned peacefully, after ...

Toward a New French Strategy

By Captain de Vaisseau (C.R.) Bernard Dujardin, French Ministry of Transports
March 1996
The political history of Europe since World War II has driven France’s military strategy, but inspired by the spirit of. . . From the Sea,” France now looks to ...

Creating a Dutch Maritime Action Group

By Lieutenant H. M. T. de Groot, Royal Netherlands Navy
March 1996
A reduced Royal Netherlands Navy looks toward the maritime action group concept of operations to allow it to play in multinational operations.Command of the sea means that a nation ...

The Italian Navy: A Major Role in a Sea of Troubles

By Commander Michele Cosentino, Italian Navy
March 1996
Italian military forces are increasingly operating in U.N.-sponsored, NATO-led missions abroad. In order to support these commitments and still protect its national interests, the Italian government must adopt the New ...

A New Multipurpose Vessel for the Italian Navy

By Commander Michele Cosentino, Italian Navy
March 1996
In response to the demands of a post-Cold War world, the Italian Navy must modernize its fleet to support joint and combined operations in the future. A new multipurpose vessel ...

Ship Self Defense

By Captain Roberto Leonardi, Italian Navy
March 1996
Self-defense systems are vital to the survival of ships in combat. The Italian Navy is making great advances in hard-kill and soft-kill systems, making both point defense and area defense ...

Remember the San Luis!

By Captain Charles H. Wilbur, U.S. Navy (Retired)
March 1996
If torpedoes had performed properly in the submarine San Luis—here, with other ships of the Argentine Navy in 1982—the Falklands Conflict might have ended very differently.Remember the Maine ...

Learning Multinational Doctrine at Home 93

By James J. Tritten, Ph.D.
March 1996
In formulating multinational navy doctrine—in which we will operate alongside medium-power navies from smaller nations—the U.S. Navy should follow the example set by its own relationship with the U.S. Coast ...

God Bless America

By Paolo Bembo
March 1996
Anyone looking at the geography from a security standpoint can understand that Italy is in a rough spot. Too many internal problems, however, are turning the Italian people’s attention away ...

The Making of Rising Wind

By Dick Couch
March 1996
The third thriller from veteran novelist Dick Couch, due out in April from the Naval Institute Press, Rising Wind takes on the vulnerability of our nation's chemical weapons stores. Here ...

Nobody Asked Me, But…Combating Harassment

By Commander Francis J. Sturm, U.S. Coast Guard
March 1996
Since the 1991 Tailhook convention many newspaper and magazine articles have been devoted to sexual harassment and women in the military. Some articles have described the details of various incidents ...

Support Our (Other) Troops

By Commander Michael E. McCaffrey, U.S. Naval Reserve
March 1996
Employers can react in a variety of ways when one of their employees is recalled from the National Guard or Reserves. Presently 3,700 reservists are expected to be recalled for ...

World Navies in Review

By Antony Preston
March 1996
The pattern of the last year largely confirms the view put forward in last year's "World Navies in Review": The smaller regional navies are buying new ships, many of them ...

Book Reviews & Books of Interest

March 1996
Sea Power & Indian SecurityRahul Roy-Chaudhury. London: Brasseys, 1995. 222 pp. Append. Ind. Notes. Maps. $58.00 ($52.20).Reviewed Sam BatemanAt the beginning of his Introduction to Sea Power & Indian Security ...

The U.S. Navy: A New Direction for Submarines

By Norman Polmar, Author, The Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet
March 1996
The Republican-controlled Congress is increasing defense spending, and the Navy’s submarine program could be one of the beneficiaries. Indeed, Representative Newt Gingrich (R-GA), the Speaker of the House, has become ...

World Naval Developments: Sales Competition Intensifies

By Norman Friedman, Author, The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems
March 1996
Early in January, talk about a possible Chinese purchase of the incomplete Russian carrier Varyag revived when the Ukrainian Vice-Premier visited China. This time it was suggested that the ship ...
Starboard bow view of the USS Soley (DD-707)

USS Soley (DD-707)

By Eric Wertheim
March 1996
The USS Soley (DD-707), an Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer, was built by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company at Kearny, New Jersey. Commissioned on 7 December 1944, the Soley was ...

Comment and Discussion

March 1996
“Death of a Sailor’s Sailor”(See D. A. Rosenberg, pp. 8-11, February 1996 Proceedings)Rear Admiral William M. A. Greene, U.S. Navy (Retired)—Dr. Rosenberg wrote a fine tribute to the "Sailor’s Sailor.” ...

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