The morning of 8 May 1953 found the Independence-class light carrier Bataan (CVL-29) on station in the Yellow Sea, preparing to go into action. All along the wooden flight deck of the diminutive carrier, rows of Marine Corps F4U Corsair aircraft from Marine Attack Squadron 312 (VMA-312), the Checkerboards, started their engines. One by one, the distinctive gull-winged Marine aircraft roared into the morning skies to provide crucial close-air support to their embattled brethren on the ground in Korea.1
1. Naval History and Heritage Command, “Bataan I (CVL-29) 1943–1959,” Official Ship Histories.
2. Andrew Faltum, The Independence Light Aircraft Carriers (Mount Pleasant, SC: The Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, 2002), 125.
3. Norman Friedman, Winning a Future War: War Gaming and Victory in the Pacific (Washington, DC: Naval History and Heritage Command), 75.
4. Friedman, Winning a Future War, 92.
5. Friedman, 97.
6. Friedman, 98.
7. Faltum, The Independence Light Aircraft Carriers, 8.
8. Norman Friedman, U.S. Aircraft Carriers, An Illustrated Design History (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1983), 148.
9. Faltum, The Independence Light Aircraft Carriers, 8.
10. Friedman, U.S. Aircraft Carriers, 181.
11. Friedman, 191.
13. Faltum, The Independence Light Aircraft Carriers, 16.
14. Faltum, 115.
15. Naval History and Heritage Command, “Bataan I (CVL-29) 1943–1959.”
16. U.S. Navy, “U.S. Navy Fact File.”
17. GEN David H. Berger, USMC, Commandant’s Planning Guidance (Washington, DC: Headquarters Marine Corps, 2019).
18. Megan Eckstein, “Marines Test Lighting Carrier Concept, Control 13 F-35Bs from Multiple Amphibs,” USNI News, 23 October 2019.