Motto: "Intelligent co-operation is of infinitely more value than mechanical obedience."—HENDERSON
The period from 1778 until the battle of Trafalgar, in 1805, is in many respects the most remarkable, from a naval standpoint, of the world's history. During the first five years of this period a purely maritime war was waged between the two greatest naval powers, and latterly for twelve years Europe was in a continuous turmoil both ashore and afloat. Within this short epoch of twenty-seven years were fought more actions between large organized fleets than is recorded in history since the galley period. On the following page are shown in tabular form the principal naval battles of this interesting period.
Besides the major actions tabulated on next page there were also many engagements between smaller groups of ships.