In this era of great power competition, countering China’s control of the information space will be central to pursuing strategic goals while avoiding global conflict. If the United States wants to remain dominant in the competition, it must recognize the changes in the operational environment and the very nature of war. This shift is marked by a stark rise in information warfare (IW) operations in the form of cyber warfare, psychological operations, and information campaigns as China aims to control the information space while continuing its economic rise.
1. Graham Allison, Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? (New York : First Mariner Books, 2018), 9–12, 14.
2. Allison, Destined for War.
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5. Michael Pillsbury, The Hunred-Year Marathon: China's Secret Strategy to replace America as the Global Superpower (New York : St. Martin's Press, 2016).
6. Sean McFate, The New Rules of War: How America Can Win Against Russia, China, and Other Threats (New York: William Morrow, 2019), 63–65.
7. Francis Fukuyama, “A Conversation With Francis Fukuyama,” Asia Global Institute, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Yoshikazu Kato, 25 March 2019.
8. P. W. Singer and Emerson Brooking, Like War: The Weaponizatoin of Social Media (New York : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2018), 214–17.