(See D. Rumsfeld interview, pp. 22–25, March 2011 Proceedings)
Commander James Coogan, U.S. Navy Reserve (Retired)—Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld got off easy in the recent Proceedings interview. Rumsfeld used five versions of “I don’t know” during the short Q&A. He downplayed any suggestion that “speaking truth to power” had negative consequences for those who questioned the administration’s move toward war. And yet analysis shows that numerous senior military planners sent dissenting opinions and never even received a response. Some, like General Hugh Shelton, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, retired in disgust after Rumsfeld repeatedly ignored his advice.