As, two months before his death, Franklin Roosevelt reported the results of the Yalta Conference to the nation, he hoped that the multipower world which had bred so many wars would be replaced by a world of “peace-loving” nations whose prime motivation would be the maintenance of international harmony. That didn’t happen. Now after 25 grim years of confrontation between two superpowers, a new multipower world—U. S., U.S.S.R., Japan, China, and Western Europe—is emerging.
An emerging pattern of world power relationships presages a shift from the era of bipolar centers of influence to a multipower world. The extreme hazards of superpower confrontation will be reduced by the exercise of “spheres of restraint” by five, not two, centers of world power.