Golden Life Member Listing

April 1971
United States Naval InstituteGolden Life MembersListed below are all members of the U. S. Naval Institute who, on or before 1 January 1971, completed fifty or more years of membership ...

The Only Option?

By George E. Lowe
April 1971
Prize Essay 1971SECOND HONORABLE MENTIONThe Administration’s public words and international actions of late suggest that President Nixon perceives the “blue water option” to be an attractive strategic prospect. And ...

The Frustration Factor

By Cdr. F. B. Shemanski, USN
April 1971
The subjects of inadequate pay, poor housing or none, long and frequent deployments, family separations, poor medical care, inadequate bachelor housing, crowded, inadequate commissaries, and the low opinion, held by ...

Ships at Sea: Maritime Facts of Life

By W. R. Nichols, Jr.
April 1971
The sea and ships at sea have certain fundamental characteristics. The facts are few and simple. Their meaning is profound. Although the facts may appear evident to all, their meaning ...

Command Leadership and the Black Serviceman

By Hon. L. Howard Bennett, Capt. Robert E Hunt, USNDirector for Civil Rights
April 1971
One of the most interesting social achievements in the United States has been the experience of the military services in achieving a high measure of integration in the Armed Forces.An ...

From Cockpit to Conn

By Captain Robert F. Hunt, U. S. Navy
April 1971
There are several points of similarity common to the senior aviator’s first deep draft command and his previous squadron commands. They are, for example, about the same size in the ...

Early Russian Shipboard Aviation

By R. D. Layman and Boris V. Drashpil
April 1971
Russia’s first attempt to employ an air weapon dates back to 1812, when Tsar Alexander I employed a German engineer-aeronaut named Leppig to construct a dirigible balloon for use against ...
Banana boat SS Teapa, ex-USS Putnam (DD-287), loading bananas in Miami

Banana Boats and Blockade Runners

By Commander John D. Alden, U. S. Navy (Retired)
April 1971
In 1950, a U. S. submarine was in Miami on a “leave and recreation” visit. A short distance down the waterfront lay a small white freighter unloading bananas. A young ...

Comment and Discussion

April 1971
“The Career Officer as Existential Hero”(See D. G. Deininger, pp. 18-22, November 1970 PROCEEDINGS)Captain W. T. Holmes, U. S. Navy—A dispassionate side-by-side examination of Lieutenant (j.g.) Deininger’s article ...

Book Reviews and Book List

April 1971
Arms Beyond DoubtRalph E. Lapp, New York: Cowles, 1970. 210 pp. $5.95.Reviewed by Captain Clarence O. Fiske, U. S. Navy(A naval aviator, Captain Fiske’s professional background ...

Professional Notes

April 1971
U. S. Navy: Where Are You?By Lieutenant Commander Preston E. Beck, U. S. Navy (Retired), Member, Space Shuttle Task Group, Cape Kennedy, FloridaThe first trip around the moon by ...


April 1971
Contracts Awarded by Navy for 12 Nuclear Submarines(The Wall Street Journal, 11 January 1971)The Navy launched its new high-speed attack submarine program by awarding construction totaling $760.6 million to ...

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