Prize Essay, 1916
Motto: "In war the moral is to the physical as three to one."—NAPOLEON
A nation may be considered as composed of three elements: (1) the civil population, (2) the leaders, both political and military, and (3) the armed forces.
There are, in general, two ways in which these elements may be combined so as to form a nation. These two forms of government we will call autocratic and democratic. In an autocratic government the leaders control both the civil population and the armed forces. In a democratic government the people control the leaders, who in turn control the armed forces. In the first the leaders rule; in the second, the people. Actually there are no purely autocratic or democratic governments, but each government is a combination of the two forms, in which one or the other to a certain degree predominates. However, this classification will prove to be useful to us in our discussion.