Portrait of Norman Friedman

Norman Friedman is one of America's most prominent naval analysts, and the author of more than thirty books covering a range of naval subjects, including Naval Anti-Aircraft Guns and Gunnery and Naval Weapons of World War One.

Articles by Norman Friedman

 Japanese Type 93 “Long Lance” torpedo on display at the U.S. Naval Academy

A Massive Torpedo

By Norman Friedman
April 2019
The capabilities of the Type 93 torpedo were such a well-kept secret, and so far beyond those of U.S. torpedoes, that the U.S. Navy did not appreciate the threat it ...
The Northern Mine Barrage, 1918

The Great Mine Barrage

By Norman Friedman
October 2016
When the United States entered World War I, the Allies viewed America as the world’s leading industrial power and a vast source of fresh manpower. Much of the U.S. contribution ...
U.S. Naval Institute Photo Archive

A Harsh Economic Lesson

By Norman Friedman
September 2015
Through July the Chinese national stock market at Shanghai went into free fall, despite the government’s efforts to buoy it by, among other things, injecting cash. The market had crashed ...
British troops load their gun in a camouflaged bunker circa April 1915

Why 1914 Still Matters

By Norman Friedman
August 2014
Imagine that your closest trading partner is also your most threatening potential enemy. Imagine, too, that this partner is building a large navy specifically targeted at yours, hence at ...
U.S. Navy (David MacLean)

The Navy’s Ramjet Missile

By Norman Friedman
June 2014
The Aegis integrated weapons system currently on board more than 70 U.S. Navy cruisers and destroyers is a lineal descendant of the service’s original antiaircraft missile system, which featured a ...

Books by Norman Friedman