Marine Corps Commandant General David H. Berger, in his 3 March Force Design 2030 document, expressed the need for “forces that . . . can operate inside an adversary’s long-range weapons engagement zone (WEZ).” General Berger further noted that he does not believe that “forcible entry operations are irrelevant or an anachronism . . . different approaches are required given the proliferation of anti-access/area denial (A2AD) threat capabilities in the mutually contested spaces.”
This essentially echoes Senate Armed Services Committee language proposed for the Fiscal Year 2020 National Defense Authorization Act, which suggests that “technological progress by future adversaries has made amphibious assaults too hazardous.” Restoring the Marine Corps’ traditional key role of landing troops on hostile shores has, for some time, been difficult and risky because of inadequate Navy sealift capabilities.