Warfare will increasingly involve orchestrating cooperative efforts.
We all have frames of reference that describe our work, abstract boxes that are useful for defining and ordering our activities. The notion of thinking outside the box has also come to be valued. But if we think across the boxes, this concept can serve as a guiding principle for individuals as well as for entire organizations that operate within larger entities.
Networks and data are at our fingertips in this information age, and the means to coordinate are continually improving. We now see most events as occurring as part of a continuum, and we are increasingly aware of connections between them. Collective or "holistic" approaches to problems are widespread, as are attempts to understand the impact and linkage of tactical actions on operational and strategic levels. For all these reasons, our approach to most organizational challenges should now accommodate the horizontal-as a routine matter. We need flat grids so that information flow reaches many nodes simultaneously.