Two years after it was published, A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower continues to be the subject of fierce debate among scholars, uniformed officers, government officials, and the American public. As a coauthor of the strategy and participant in the discussions that shaped the final document, I consider it useful to explore and set forth some of the more interesting and contentious internal issues that preceded its release.
Strategy discussions occurred among the senior-most officers of the Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps, and there is no need to name names. However, it is important to convey that all ideas were taken seriously and reflected the vision and experience of the best of our nation's officers. While often in disagreement, just as often, all points of view were "right."