There is a growing movement for a new form of national military service. Some proponents see the draft as a sort of panacea for what is perceived to be a growing gap between military and civilian cultures. It is a knee-jerk reaction to a problem that is poorly understood. Few proponents address the practical problems that ended the draft 30 years ago and likely would resurface if conscription were reinstituted. The cost to the national economy would be significant, and the military services would not be able to absorb anywhere near the number of new inductees who would become available.
The calls for renewed universal service are from many parts of the political spectrum; there is a surprising consensus between some conservative and liberal proponents. Both sides believe a draft would shift the military's psyche toward their own set of beliefs—but both sides cannot be correct. One unintended result might be that internal divisions introduced by such a radical change could threaten the most cohesive military system in the world.