With the decline of Russian strategic forces the military complex on the Kola Peninsula is becoming increasingly irrelevant.
Because the United States no longer is the main adversary of Russia, the START arms control agreements are based on a now-obsolete mind-set. The United States is abandoning the START regime, and Russian nuclear weapons numbers will come down, with or without START. Russia's land-based missiles are cheaper and easier to maintain and remain a minimum deterrent against its adversaries. As a result, the Kola Peninsula military complex no longer will be as important as conventional wisdom proclaims.
With the breakup of the Soviet Union and the decline in Russia's economy, Russian military strategists view the maritime threat posed by forward-deployed U.S. and other NATO naval forces, armed with advanced, deep-strike precision systems, as the modernized version of the Cold War threat—but made more serious because of the decline in Russian naval strength from oceanic to maritime littoral.