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Kaman. The name says command. An appropriate thought for the Navy’s new ASW attack helicopter. The Kaman SH-2G.
Already in production, the SH-2G builds upon the proven record of the SH-2F. The Navy’s most recent evolution of the unbeatable Kaman design.
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Now there’s even an on-board acoustic processor for totally autonomous missions against submarines. Plus superb sonobouy and sonar capabilities.
When the situation gets hot, the SH-2G lets you add critical components. Like dipping sonar.
An array of missiles and special weapons. And more advanced ESM.
All of which help counter increasingly sophisticated threats at sea. And on land.
That’s what it takes to del* performance. Now. And well in the 21st century. , t
Fly farther. Fight harder. ^ us put you in Kaman today! ^ For more information, wri call: Kaman Aerospace Corpora P.O. Box 2, Bloomfield, CT 060U* (203) 243-7551.
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Reliable, efficient, reusable software that can be operated on computers in the Army, Air Force and Navy is essential if America is to afford the defense it needs to remain a viable, formidable deterrent.
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FACE THE ENEMY ON
AS YOUR INTRODUCTIOH TO WORLD WAR II WITH WALTER CROHKITE.
The most difficult task the U.S. faced in World War II was fighting the war on two fronts.
Waitedhy To the East was Hitler, a itseif'c'onki,e man described as evil
"tost k the West was ^aPan’ one °fthe brutal and unconventional enemies ld ever fought.
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For more than 25 years, Control Data has been a leading supplier of reliable militarized information management systems and products you can rely on under all conditions. Ideal, or otherwise.
No matter what the environment, platform, or mission, Control Data’s Government Systems Group has a unique ability for combining advanced technologies into systems for a wide range of defense-related applications. We have proved our ability to design and integrate information systems with an architecture flexible enough to meet the challenges of ever-changing environments.
Land-based systems. Control Data has designed and integrated the world’s first digital fire control system for the Abrams main battle tank. Other land-based achievements include: CYBER computers and software used for the massive signal processing tasks in NORAD’s Pave Paws Early Warning phased array radar network.
Airborne capabilities. Our Reconnaissance Management System (RMS) lets flight personnel study realtime information gathered from external sensors, then relay pertinent mission information to command centers. We’ve also designed the Navy’s standard AN/AYK-14 airborne computer to be reconfigurable for a wider range of performance and memory capabilities.
Information at sea. Control Data’s experience in integrating sophisticated data systems into even more sophisticated shipboard systems resulted in our being chosen to develop directed-fire systems such as the Phalanx Close-in Weapons System and the AEGIS Shipboard Air Defense. Our ASW capabilities include a fully-integrated system capable of handling sonobuoys or dipping sonar systems, or a mix of both—aboard ship or on airborne platforms.
The future. We intend to remain in the vanguard of advanced information management systems development. Regardless of the mission, environment or platform, experience is what makes Control Data’s Government Systems Group one of the most reliable suppliers for systems, systems integration, hardware and software.
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Giving shape to imagination.
SUDDENLY IT'S QUIET.
fllllET Quite recently the Soviet IWW ^fUIE !• Union acquired and developed technology that has enabled it to build submarines which can cruise quieter and faster than ever before. This, in conjunction with new, very-long-range missiles which allow Soviet subs to be on station virtually anywhere on the planet, has radically changed theantisubmarine defense picture.
What is needed to tackle these unprecedented circumstances is an aircraft which has longer range, greater tenacity, and increased payload to carry the sensors and weapons needed to challenge the new silent subs. Such a plat
form must be able to find subtle contactov vast expanses of blue water and hang on to tne like a bulldog.
Such a platform is LRAACA.
Lockheed’s proposed Long Range Air a Capability Aircraft (LRAACA) promises to D practical, affordable solution to one ot toughest jobs the Navy’s ever had to tacK /L, has also been designed to fit neatly into th,erj. ing, worldwide support structure of today s m time patrol aircraft fleet. . the
The silence is ominous. But LRAACA is instrument to break it.
against the Germans. The loss of
Purge of the armed forces in the ofvl930s led to the rapid promotion b^young officers, and in late Septem-
v and Leonid Brezhnev.
fe,, Ur'ng the intensive fighting in the ,n> Gorshkov directed numerous li0™,bi°us landings and other opera-
ln support of the army. Most
I1 >s unusual for a naval officer to challenge orders and established pol. lcy and to go on to the highest posi- n 'n his navy. Similarly, a major ofaSter—such as the accidental sinking the largest warship in his com- and—also should be considered a bad 0n,en for his career. v- Cr"ei Georgiyevich Gorshkov sur- j e(i making his share of waves in the oviet political arena and disasters at y,a i°r his navy. Born in 1910 in the fainian town of Kamenets-Podolskiy,
p P°ft of Odessa, he entered the l(0nze Naval School in 1927. Gorsh- sWa-S graduated four years later and p e<i mostly on board ships in the Far djSt’ *n 1939 taking command of a Joyer brigade in the Black Sea. ty hen the Soviet Union entered ^°dd War II in June 1941, Gorshkov ihe3 *“aPtain 1st Rank commanding ^ cmiser brigade in the Black Sea. immediately his ships entered
■ !res of senior naval officers in Sta'941, Gorshkov was promoted to 'he pt',Tura' anc* became a member of Communist Party ... at age 31. c0sb°rt time later, Gorshkov became Crt .Zander of the Azov flotilla in that 0sed sea to the north of the Black lb ' There and in subsequent assign- eS(n’s >n the Black Sea area, Gorshkov tiav lshed a reputation as an astute lit le Cornmander and as an innovator. c0|)[ls Period Gorshkov came in close Cer*t with army and political offi- offi ’ Several of whom would hold high 'tel a^ler t'le war- These probably spaded political officers Nikita Khru- successful. However, in Septem- tr0() 943, Gorshkov’s flotilla landed tya|Ps °f General of the Army Rodion n°VsTiy near Mariupol (now f0ranov). During this operation one Po e ‘bat went ashore was not sup- iitin ( by ground troops and,- in a most action, the landing force was IW^awn. Apparently Gorshkov—or ob(a- y °ne of his subordinates— tin nec* the sanction of the army com- ti0ner for the withdrawal. Such ac- at any level within the Soviet icy forces were against standing pol- ot ;i 'd too often resulted in dismissal 'v°rse fate. Gorshkov survived and
During his tenure, Admiral Gorshkov received recognition worldwide— appearing on the covers of Proceedings (Jan. 74) and Time (23 Feb. 68).
his good relationship with Malinovskiy was a major factor in his later appointments.
Subsequently, in December 1944, while a vice admiral commanding the Danube flotilla, Gorshkov and Marshal of the Soviet Union F. I. Tolbukhin quarreled over the alleged failure of ground forces to support a landing by the flotilla. Gorshkov lost this argument and was immediately replaced as head of the flotilla.
Still, Gorshkov survived the war with a credible record. In the postwar period his promotions continued, and in 1948 he became chief of staff of the Black Sea Fleet, and in 1951 the fleet commander-in-chief (CinC), being promoted to full admiral in 1954.
By 1955—two years after Stalin’s death—Khrushchev made the decision to fire Admiral N. S. Kuznetsov, who had commanded the Soviet Navy from 1939 to 1947, and again from 1951 to the end of 1955. Kuznetsov was a strong proponent of Stalin’s plans for a large, conventional battle fleet.
Gorshkov became first deputy CinC of the navy in June 1955, and CinC and a deputy minister of defense in January 1956, at age 46.
Reportedly, Khrushchev directed Gorshkov to discard the existing battleships and cruisers, and to concentrate on small warships and submarines. But
Gorshkov was able to retain most of the cruisers and other conventional warships while at the same time leading his fleet into the nuclear-missile era. Obviously, the development of nuclear propulsion and missiles already was under way when Gorshkov came to Moscow. During his tenure, the Soviet Navy became an oceangoing force, a key participant in the international thrusts of First Secretary Brezhnev and his successors, and a force with combat potential and technological progress that could challenge the U. S. Navy.
In 1962, he was promoted to Admiral of the Fleet and, in 1967, to the ultimate naval rank of Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union.
Gorshkov stepped down from the CinC position in December 1985. It was an auspicious time. That month the Soviets launched a nuclear-propelled aircraft carrier (subsequently named the Leonid Brezhnev) and laid the keel for a second carrier. He had served in the post for 29 years and 11 months.
While rumors began immediately over the reasons for his departure, it was obvious that Gorshkov was simply tired and his state of health was questionable. A biography published in 1986 demonstrated that he was held in high repute upon retirement. Gorshkov died on 13 May 1988, at age 78.
Admiral Gorshkov often is compared to Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, the U. S. Navy theoretician, and Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, longtime head of the U. S. nuclear propulsion program. Neither analogy is valid.
Mahan was a professor at the Naval War College when he wrote his major books and articles, attempting to codify the role of sea power. His writings influenced President Theodore Roosevelt and others. Gorshkov was a naval CinC when he put his name to two books and innumerable articles on the role of sea power in the development of czarist Russia and the Soviet Union. But more likely he was explaining the rationale for decisions already taken. He undoubtedly influenced those decisions in his role of naval CinC, not as a writer.
Rickover led or pushed (but never dragged) the U. S. Navy into nuclear propulsion as a program manager. Gorshkov guided the Soviet Navy into nuclear propulsion as well as guided and ballistic missiles, satellites, lasers, aircraft carriers, and many less technological areas.
More significant, Gorshkov managed the building of a fleet to challenge the U. S. Navy. Norman Polmar
The challenge of the long range and support requirement in naval strategy; the tactical commitments of battlefield support; the safety, comfort, capacity, range and speed needs of civil transport. These are just some of the demands which must be met by rotary wing aircraft. Demands which could be regarded by some as conflicting.
Jointly Agusta and Westland formed E.H. Industries Limited to marry these demands into one helicopter programme. A programme with its own international management company.
ADVANCED IMAGE ART
A helicopter which is capable of meeting the growing demand for safety, capacity, performance, range, speed, reliability, and flexibility, in a truly cost effective manner. The demand has grown from the needs of both the Civil and the Military for maritime and land-based operations to provide a response which, in concept and execution, will satisfy all and compromise none.
E.H. INDUSTRIES LTD
E.H. Industries Ltd - 500 Chiswick High Road - London W4 5RG UK/ Ph. (01) 995-8221 Tlx 291600 EHILON G Fax (01) 995-5207 E-H- Industries (Canada) Inc - 275 Slater Str. Suite 700 - Ottawa Ontario K1P5H9 CANADA/ Ph. (613) 563-2180 Tlx 053-4807 TELSEC OH Fax (613) 233-0399 E-H. Industries Inc -1735 Jefferson Davis Hwy Suite 805 - Arlington VA 22202 USA/ Ph. (703) 486-8000 Tlx 090-1152 WESTLAND AGTN Fax (703) 685-0063
EH 101 - a new generation of long range helicopters which sets new standards. EH 101 embodies the latest thinking in airframe, gearbox, rotor head and blade technology, monitor-
and avionics. It can provide airline style comfort for up to 30 passengers with full cat.‘A’
ADVANCED IMAGE ART
will provide long^^J range ASW, AEW, SAR and tactical transport. It A will operate from small ships. Powered by three GE V engines giving it 550 nm range at 160 knots with full load, EH 101 is designed to bring about lower bottom line costs in all applications.
With over 150 planned orders already for British, Italian and Canadian Forces, EH 101 is the unique response to the demands of the twenty-first century.
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E.H. Industries Ltd - 500 Chiswick High Road - London W4 5RG UK/ Ph. (01) 995-8221 Tlx 291600 EHILON G Fax (01) 995-5207 Industries (Canada) Inc - 275 Slater Str. Suite 700 - Ottawa Ontario K1P5H9 CANADA/ Ph. (613) 563-2180 Tlx 053-4807 TELSEC OTT Fax (613) 233-0399 Industries Inc -1735 Jefferson Davis Hwy Suite 805 - Arlington VA 22202 USA/ Ph. (703) 486-8000 Tlx 090-1152 WESTLAND AGTN Fax (703) 685-0063
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Here’s the bottom line for the Boeing 757 as the Navy’s Long Range Air ASW Capability Aircraft. It gets there faster, carrying a greater payload, and stays on station longer, so fewer airplanes cover more ocean. Plus, the 757 has room to grow It’s the wise choice today And tomorrow.
The PDA-555 flat panel display
I ») •
Tfoull like And what
what it has. it hasn’t
It doesn't need much power. And it doesn’t come with a big, inflated price tag.
.................................... , ^ ■
Before we tell you all the things our PDA-555 has, it's important to look at what it doesn't have. Don’t expect a lot of size; the system is 50% smaller than most other flat-panel displays. It’s 40% lighter.
What the PDA-555 tactical display does have is full-function intelligence. Light weight. Modular construction that enhances field-maintainability. A 512x512 matrix for bright, flicker-free display even under adverse conditions. An alphanumeric capacity of 85 characters/51 lines (5x7), 64 characters/32 lines (7x9). A compact, thin profile for maximum system design flexibility.
What’s more, the PDA-555 is NDI.
To see all there is to like about our PDA-555, contact; Director of Marketing, Display Systems, Interstate Electronics Corporation,
RO. Box 3117 Anaheim, CA 92803.
Phone: (714) 758-0500 TWX 910-591-1197
A Figgie International Company S ©1987 Interstate Electronics Corporation
Only with VLA can it meet its ASW mission.
Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) is the right ASW weapon system at the right time.
With it, the Mobile Bay, and other CG-47,DDG-963, and DDG-51 ships with vertical launchers, get an ASW capability that's absolutely critical to the Fleet. And impossible to achieve with any other system for at least the next five years.
Only with VLA can these ships mount an urgent attack against medium range threats under all weather conditions. Only with VLA can they meet their total mission of battle group protection.
The VLA system is developed.
It's proved itself in six successive flight tests.
Loral is ready to build and deliver weapons now.
VLA: One of the best investments the U.S. Navy will ever make.
ALLISONS SUPERCRITICAL SHARING IS HELPING TO POINT THE AIRCRAR INDUSTRY IN A COMPLEIEY NEW DIRECTION.
The V-22 Osprey takes off like a helicopter It hovers and lands like a helicopter But it also flies like an airplane.
To make this possible, theT406 engines must operate both horizontally and vertically.
D 1988 Allison Gas Turbine
The Right Ansvve
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Allison is a member
ofGM Defense. Obviously, that could have been a problem.
Other manufacturers proposed more conventional shaft systems with intershaft bearings. Unfortunately, with theV-22's nacelles rotating up and down, a lot of complex
hardware would have been needed justtc the bearings in working condition. m But Allison's ingeniously simple supef j shafting requires no extra intershaft beaMj^ lubrication systems. So there is less to naa,n - In fact, it works so well, supercritical5 . was developed as an important part of the LHTEC engine which was designed to power the LHX.
Plus, as a member of General Motors Defense ^ have technological and manufacturing resources ava^ us that simply aren’t available to our competitors. So ^ you're ready to move in a new direction, no one can better take you there than we can.
BIIJP Sanders has just delivered LINE its 500th AN/ALQ-126B countermeasure system to the U.S. Navy. This event represents a key milestone in Sanders’ long professional association with the Navy and demonstrates our strong commitment to continued teamwork.
The 126B is a highly effective, easily maintained, reprogrammable defensive electronic countermeasure system. Integrated with other electronic warfare subsystems, it provides combat aircrews with the confidence to fly into the hottest environments. In addition to the Navy and Marine Corps, the Air Forces of Australia, Canada and Spain also are acquiring the 126B.
We’re proud of the AN/ALQ-126B. Besides being one of our largest production programs, this five hundredth unit stands as a symbol of Sanders' pledge of excellence, assuring the quality of the next five hundred.
A Lockheed Company.
Battlefield Communication Management Made Simple _»
Communications System Control Element
CSCE is the survivable network management tool. Wi the sheltered AN/TYQ-30 ana AN/TYQ-31, the commander
can maintain his communication plan on a changing battlefield. CSCE automates network planning' engineering and control through menu-driven software installed on ruggedized, ND‘ computers.
As the tactical situation q changes, the deployed TRH^ switch and transmission netw can be rapidly evaluated. Communication links can tne be reconfigured to suppan moving forces, eliminate sy^ congestion and re-route tran around outages.
Through CSCE, the commander can maintain control of his communicatic by monitoring network status and performance. CSCE has combat power to implem^n the commander’s nCj
communication plan now a in the future. e
' » for more information ple°s write or call our marketing department.
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A Spectrum of New Ideas
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A CHRYSLER COMPANY
The best testing equipment is the simplest. The AAI ASS& Radar Simulator is just that-rugged yet portable for flight1 7^ easy to use, requiring little interpretation, highly reliable and a Yet the AN/APM-427 is remarkably sophisticated in providing thfe -s simulation of enemy ground-to-air and air-to-air radar for testingt0 . RWR equipment. It is flexible, offering three modes of operation, a versatile, with programmable features such as pulse width, RR-I >sC pattern modulation, complex pulse trains, and others. . jng
AN/APM-427 simulator typifies AAI’s philosophy in deve op
■<| penology electronic and mechanical systems. Whatever the system,
~ eers it sensibly to meet or exceed standards without over- g for excess weight or cost. This sensible solution to problems has a major contractor to industry and the Department of Defense. :4l's *° learn more of AAI’s capabilities, it would be best to contact
Ml Corporation, a subsidiary of United Industrial Corporation
THE SENSIBLE SOLUTION
V li^P-flight Marketing Director. Call or write AAI Corporation, P.O. ^ Hunt Valley, MD 21030. Phone (301) 666-1400. Telex 8-7849.
V For information on career opportunities, write or call the Personnel arnent.
EDO Western’s broad experience in sonar and acoustic systems dates back some 40 years. • • supplying the U.S. Navy with specialized Sonar Sounders. Today, that experience has placed u$a the leading edge in advanced acoustic technology, providing mission specific, vehicle acoustic sensors for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, Remotely Operated Vehicles and other highly specialized acoustic systems for both military and commercial programs.
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Intelligent power solutions are on board now.
MagneTek ALS offers you more than 400 Hz power converters for sensitive shipboard applications. We provide intelligent solutions to ensure power is available when needed.
For example, our transistorized frequency converters keep the eyes of every Aegis cruiser sharply focused—operating within an intelligent power system which can adapt quickly, handling power surges of 500% or more in less than half a cycle.
And MagneTek ALS systems are typically smaller, lighter, more efficient to operate and easier to service than comparably priced systems.
- MagneTek ALS power solutions can solve your power problems. For more information, call or write today: MagneTek ALS, 1400 N. Baxter Street, P.O. Box 06006, Anaheim, CA 92806-0606. (714) 956-9200. Telex: 182283.
Give it your
Field of View
3.0 Ip/MR (GEN IIplus)
3.5 lp/MR (GEN III)
2 AA, alkaline type
50 to 60 hours
Litton introduces the first production model GEN III weapon sight
On the darkest night, the success of your mission may hang by a slender thread:
Being able to see what’s out thefe.
That’s when you need the power of the new
It’s the only GEN III weapon sight now in production.
A recent and advanced design, the M937/M938 is an improved weapon sight in almost every way.
It’s small. It’s extremely lightweight. ,
And it comes in both GEN IIPLUS (M937) anh GEN III (M938) models. .rtV
The M937/M938 offers the enhanced capaba'j so important to special operations groups such4 SEALS, Special Forces, Rangers, SWAT teams- and airborne and marine reconnaissance units- This sight meets and exceeds NATO’s demand111' standards. And it’s available right now! t
The GEN III night vision weapon sight can P you right on target. Instead of having your best effort become a shot in the dark.
For information contact Litton Electron Deyl 1215 South 52nd Street, Tempe, AZ 85281. Ph°n (602) 968-4471. TWX 910-950-0149.
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...................... from the
Naval Institute Press
Naval Review 1988
An Easy Way to Keep Abreast of Events Pertinent to the U. S. Sea Services
The special May Naval Review issue of Proceedings is now available in a hardcover edition. This 1988 review is unparalleled in its coverage of the issues, facts, people, and events associated with the U. S. Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Merchant Marine. Presented in a new three-part format, it includes more authors and features than ever before.
The first part covers such major issues as the war in the Persian Gulf, the Iraqi aircraft attack on the U. S. frigate Stark, and restoring the image of the Marine Corps, with top authorities sharing their opinions on these subjects. The second part presents annual summaries of the U. S. sea services along with the year's highlights of developments in the Soviet Navy and other navies, in naval aircraft and weapons, and in congressional naval issues. Also included are special reports on the drug war and on Merchant Marine strategy.
The final part, a reference section that readers constantly refer to throughout the year, includes a pictorial list of flag and general officers of the sea services, various lists of important telephone numbers and upcoming conferences and seminars, and information on service benefits, ships' status changes, pay tables, and more.
336 pages/photographs/drawings/maps/index/ISBN:441-1 $16.00/USNI Member's Price: $12.80
Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia
By M. /. Whitley _
An Invaluable Reference that Enables Readers to Compare, at a Glance, Every Destroyer that Took Part in the War
Illustrated with nearly 500 photographs and line drawings, this large-scale, comprehensive encyclopedia is the first to detail in one volume all the world's destroyers extant, completed, or laid down during the period 1939-1945. Each class is described under three headings: design, modifications, and service. Full data tabulations are presented to identify the builder, laying-down, launching and commissioning dates, notes on the fate of each ship, and particulars including dimensions, armament and performance. Each class is illustrated with plan and profile drawings.
256 pages/480 photographs and line drawings/ISBN: 326-1 $32.95/USNI Member's Price: $26.36
The Big E
By Commander Edward P. Stafford, U. 5. NavyfRet.)
Introduction by Paul Stillwell
A Colorful, First-Rate Piece of World War II History
One of the most literate nonfiction ship stories to be found anywhere, this book, first published more than twenty-five years ago, has deservedly become a classic. It's a lasting memorial to the USS Enterprise, a carrier that contributed more than any other single warship to the naval victory in the Pacific. Commissioned in 1938, it participated in nearly every major engagement in the war against Japan, earning a total of twenty battle stars. The Halsey-Doolittle Raid; the Battles of Midway, Santa Cruz, Guadalcanal, the Philippine Sea, and Leyte Gulf; and the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa are all faithfully depicted in exciting detail by the author who interviewed many former crew members.
Edward Stafford, a naval aviator himself, has captured the "feel" of the Enterprise air groups as they faced the enemy in dramatic aerial encounters. The inside of a Dauntless cockpit when a pilot is boring in on his target and the mighty effort required to unstick the ship's huge rudder damaged by a bomb are just two of the many verbal pictures painted by Stafford. Few warships have ever been the subject of so extensive a biography. Paul Stillwell, the author of The Battleship New Jersey and director of the oral history program at the Naval Institute, provides the introduction to this exciting classic.
608 pages/illustrated/ISBN: 036-X $21.95/USNI Member's Price: $17.56
(Please use order form in Books of Interest section)
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Let us introduce you to membership in your professional organization with 3 FREE issues of Proceedings.
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Choose from over 35,000 photos housed in the U.S- Naval Institute SHIP AND AIRCRAFT PHOTO COLLECTION, including U.S. Navy and Coast Guard vessels commissioned since 1883 and extensive aircraft shots. All photos currently available for sale are black and white with your choice of glossy or matte finish- Now at 25% off for USNI Members!
YES! Please send me the black and white photos listed below. I understand that as 8 member I will receive a 25% discount on photos I purchase from the Naval Institute.
Name___________________________________________ Member #___ -___________ —"
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Proceedings / July
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