The Soviet fishing fleet is the largest and most modern in the world. It capitalizes on common property resources of the oceans to make rapid and important economic, political, and military gains throughout the world. Since the end of World War II, the Soviet fishing industry has grown at a dramatic rate. The principal impetus for fishery growth was a Soviet necessity to substitute fish protein for less available meat. Fishing provides about one-third of the annual total of animal protein consumed in the Soviet Union. In part, however, the Soviets turned to open ocean fishing as a result of environmental mismanagement of inland and coastal fishing grounds.
The Fishing Fleet in Soviet National Strategy
By Commander Richard T. Ackley, U.S. Navy (Retired)