Prize Essay, 1966
The idea of the submarine perhaps entered the mind of man not long after he first looked at the sea. But, until the present century, the history of submarine warfare is only a succession of fascinating episodes, wrought by a handful of daring men venturing forth in strange contraptions more dangerous to themselves than to their adversaries. The modern submarine had to await the age of steel and the engine of Otto Diesel before it could be born. Then, on 22 September 1914, a U-boat sank three British cruisers in a single hour, and a new dimension was added to naval warfare. It is the intent of this essay to develop the thesis that the nuclear submarine is a challenge far more profound than was hurled at the navies of the world that September day in 1914. From examination of the essential nature of submarine warfare, the elements of this challenge and their meaning to the United States will be deduced.