Warfare is fought with weapons of destruction, the rifle, torpedo, and bomb. To transport and operate these weapons, armies and navies have been formed. Today, there has been introduced a new carrier for these weapons, the airplane, which, operating in a third medium at tremendous speed, introduces intricate problems of offense and defense. Enthusiasts of new methods of warfare have always loudly voiced their invincibility. The ironclad, torpedo, and submarine, all have had their moments of apparent advantage, but after countermeasures had been discovered and applied, they were relegated to their proper places. Air-minded zealots claim that the airplane is without peer, being able to cross immense distances, to rain down destruction on navies and cities. This claim stirs the imagination and is believed by a multitude of civilians, who, like many of the propagandists, have little knowledge of the technical details of an airplane and little familiarity with the laws of warfare.
Aviation and Control of the Sea
By Lieutenant J. C. Hubbard, U. S. Navy