Prize Essay, 1934
"Courage and boldness of speech, unless they have material force at command, lead to peril in action."-Demosthenes
The foundation of naval policy is national policy. Whether or not these policies are uttered, the existence of a bond between the two must be recognized. Failure to adjust the size of navies to the needs of external policy, or conversely to adjust external national policy to the strength of the military fleet has, in the past, frequently led to disaster.
There is no intention of advancing here any of the old and familiar arguments for large navies—or for small ones. Undoubtedly the determination of the size of the fleet is a professional question. After national policies have been decided upon, reaching a conclusion as to the naval power necessary to support those policies is distinctly a task for a naval official. Defining the national policies, however, is not his function, except so far as his advice may be sought concerning the practicability of supporting those policies with the naval power that may be made available.