This article is part of a paper written in 1913 at the Naval War College. Newport, R. I., as a study of the qualities of military character, with special reference to our navy. It is not official in any sense, being only one officer's understanding of what should constitute the common ideal of character in the navy of the United States; but it was included among several on the same subject sent out for general circulation in the service. Such as it is, it may not be wholly without interest for the unprofessional reader, particularly at this time; and those who favor the movement for more widespread military training may possibly find here some indication of the extensiveness and the limitation of their undertaking. And it may not be wholly without significance that officers, not the youngest, are giving serious attention to a matter that, fundamental as it is, should have been preserved unshakable along with the old traditions built upon it.
As Napoleon said, in war the moral is to the material as three to one.