PRIZE ESSAY, JANUARY 1, 1905.
Motto: "Be sure you're right; then go ahead."
Note.—[The writer found so much difficulty in coming to any conclusions about many points in naval policy, and discovered such different ideas among the men to whom he talked, that finally, for his own instruction, he adopted the plan of beginning with principles that every one admits, and arguing directly from them; striving all the time to keep an open mind, and allow no previously formed opinions to stand in the way of coming to unbiased conclusions. The most important conclusions he came to were that—
(1) The ships of our battle fleet have not been correctly designed from a military standpoint.
(2) The art and the science of naval tactics are undeveloped.
(3) The administration of the navy has not, until lately, given sufficient weight to military considerations.