The abandonment of sail power in ships of war—even in cruising ships; the introduction of many complicated weapons that require great care and skill for their effective use; the probability that naval battles will be shorter in the future than in the past and blunders far more fatal—these and many other facts emphasize the importance of a change in the training of men-of-wars-men. The modern ship has become pre-eminently a floating battery, as seen in the change of type from the Hartford to the Baltimore. It follows, logically, that the men to man such ships should be, pre-eminently, naval gunners—not sailors of the old school. All other than military elements have been reduced to a minimum in naval warfare and in naval architecture, and it is consistent with such a transformation that the training of the personnel should be more military, if efficiency in war is to be the aim of a navy.
The System of Naval Training and Discipline Required to Promote Efficiency and Attract Americans
By Lieutenant W. F. Fullam, U. S. Navy