The character and personality of the admiral and of the general have always been of professional as well as popular interest. They are of professional interest because character and personality, equally with intellect and training, enter into leadership and decision making. The way they enter differs somewhat as regards the tactical commander and the strategic commander. That is because the tactical commander, particularly at sea, must usually make his decisions without consultation, whereas in modern warfare the strategic commander nearly always makes his decisions in conference or as the result of conference.
On the tactical level, the most readily compared World War II naval officers are Admiral Raymond A. Spruance and Admiral William F. Halsey Jr., who alternated in command of the Central Pacific Force—known as 5th Fleet when commanded by Spruance, and 3rd Fleet when commanded by Halsey.