Harry S. Truman had been president for five days when on 17 April 1945, he walked into his predecessor’s White House Map Room for the first time. Written on a map of the Pacific were many notes, including “Invade Jap Homeland Fall of 1945.”1 At the time, Truman, simultaneously learning about the war and trying to run it, was focusing on Europe. But on 7 May Germany surrendered and his strategists could concentrate on defeating Japan.
How Many Will Die?
The number of U.S. servicemen who would lose their lives in an invasion of Japan was the overriding concern in deciding to drop the atomic bombs that ended World War II.
By Thomas B. Allen with Norman Polmar<p>