In June 1945, as the Pacific war continued its bloody advance toward the Japanese Home Islands, President Harry S. Truman met in the White House with his senior military and civilian advisers to plan the strategy for ending the conflict. The decision reached was to invade the Japanese homeland, the southern island of Honshu on 1 November 1945, and the main island of Honshu in the spring of 1946. American casualties in the two assaults and drive on Tokyo would likely number hundreds of thousands of dead and wounded. In the offing were the atomic bombs.
Another Alternative—Poison Gas!
By Norman Polmar with Thomas B. Allen