Lieutenant Commander Dudley Morton (right), Lieutenant Commander Dick O’ Kane (left)
Captain Crozier
Ernest Hemingway was a passionate fisherman, much like the old man in one of his most famous books. The commitment and humility of his aged Cuban fisherman in The Old Man and the Sea offer strong lessons for military leaders.
A false alarm in the USS Hartford (SSN-768), caused by a poorly trained petty officer of the deck, highlights the importance of accountability and continuous training.
There are signs of racial and gender progress in the Navy. Lieutenant (junior grade) Madeline Swegle recently broke ground as the Navy’s first black female tactical jet aviator.
In early 2017, the USS Ohio (SSGN-726) entered the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for what was planned to be a nine-month maintenance availability, but she did not depart for sea trials until late 2019, nearly 30 months later.
End-state leaders articulate what they expect, establish benchmarks, provide general guidance, and leave it to the enlisted and small-unit leaders to develop and determine the specifics.

Forging End-State Leaders

By Major Rafiel Deon Warfield, U.S. Marine Corps
August 2020
Communicating desired outcome to subordinates and trusting their creativity and initiative when the plan inevitably becomes obsolete is critical to victory.