Colin L. Powell Joint Warfighting Essay Contest Winner
An important element of emerging joint doctrine is the idea that potential enemies have centers of gravity and critical vulnerabilities. Joint Publication 3-0, Doctrine for Joint Operations , states, "The essence of operational art lies in being able to mass effects against the enemy's sources of power in order to destroy or neutralize them. In theory, destruction or neutralization of enemy centers of gravity is the most direct path to victory." Navy and Marine Corps doctrine echo this focus. Both Naval Doctrine Publication-1, Naval Warfare , and Marine Corps Doctrine Publication-1, Warfighting , talk of concentrating effort on enemy centers of gravity to win decisively.