LCDR Benjamin Armstrong, USN, is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and Norwich University and is a PhD candidate in War Studies with King's College, London. He has been awarded the Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement and is the editor of the 21st Century Foundations series.

Articles by Benjamin Armstrong

Since his teenage years, slave Robert Smalls had been leased out by his owner to toil on the South Carolina waterfront. By the outbreak of the Civil War, he had become a skilled pilot—and was in a prime position to make a break for freedom.

‘A Hero’

By Commander Benjamin Armstrong, U.S. Navy
February 2021
Robert Smalls was a slave—but he was a slave with navigational skills; therein lay his opportunity to risk all on a dash for freedom.
Library of Congress

A Daring Defense in the Azores

By Lieutenant Commander Benjamin Armstrong, U.S. Navy
March 2014
At the 1814 Battle of Fayal, Britain’s finest outnumbered the privateersmen 4 to 1—but odds can be misleading.
U.S. Navy (Daniel J. McLain)

Professional Notes

By Lieutenant Commander David K. Sidewand, U.S. Navy, Lieutenant Benjamin Armstrong, U.S. Navy, and Lieutenant (j.g.) Daniel Wiltshire, U.S. Coast Guard
September 2009
Living to Learn From It By Lieutenant Commander David K. Sidewand, U.S. Navy Crucible events are life-changing, frequently traumatic, and almost always unexpected. Mine, ejection from an out-of-control jet trainer ...

Books by Benjamin Armstrong