The introduction of the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet in the early 2000s raised a vexing question: Should its two versions, the single-seat F/A-18E and the two-seat F/A-18F, be employed identically or distinctly? Years of tactical development and evaluation, syllabus trial and error, and intense debate have yielded a controversial solution—the carrier air wing employs the two models in the same capacity, which allows for flexibility on the flight deck and in pilot detailing.
Despite this, F/A-18E/F tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) have evolved with a notable dissonance. In air-to-surface warfare, tactical crew coordination standards make pilot habit patterns different when flying the F/A-18F versus the F/A-18E. Conversely, in air-to-air warfare, F/A-18E/F TTPs have been homogenized to allow aviators to transition easily between the two models with minimal impact to habit patterns.