The Indonesian Sea and Coast Guard (Kesatuan Penjagaan Laut dan Pantai—KPLP) is the coast guard of the world’s largest archipelagic state. Part of the Ministry of Transportation, the KPLP is headquartered in the capital of Jakarta. Its key interagency partners include Indonesia’s Maritime Security Agency (Badan Keamanan Laut—BAKAMLA) and the National Search-and-Rescue Agency (Badan Nasional Pencarian dan Pertolongan, formerly Badan SAR Nasional—BASARNAS).
Although the Sea and Coast Guard’s predecessor organizations have a long history dating back to the Dutch East Indies colonial era, the KPLP itself is a more recent creation. Established by the Dutch in 1947 during the Indonesian National Revolution as the Sea and Coast Guard Service, it was transferred to Indonesia’s independent government in 1949; in 1973 it was renamed the Sea and Coast Guard. Under streamlining efforts championed by current President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, the KPLP will be merged with BAKAMLA to form a new unified Indonesian Coast Guard in the 2019–24 timeframe.
An earlier version of this article incorrectly identified the agency that oversees Indonesia’s service. Vice Admiral Achmad Taufiqoerrochman is the head of BAKAMLA, which refers to itself as the Indonesian Coast Guard. U.S. security assistance is directed to BAKAMLA and not the KPLP.