With apologies to the cast and producers of the iconic 1966 film The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, the Russians are not coming: they already are back. Possibly the most important aspect of their return to the Western Hemisphere is the reopening of a massive signals intelligence (SigInt) station at Lourdes, Cuba, south of Havana. That facility can monitor a variety of U.S. military and civilian communications.
The Soviets came to Cuba in 1962, bringing some 40,000 troops and military advisors, their weapons and equipment, Il-28 Beagle light bombers, tactical nuclear weapons, and—most significant—intermediate- and medium-range ballistic missiles that could strike most of the continental United States. The Soviets brought a total of 134 nuclear warheads into Cuba, with additional missile warheads on a merchant ship anchored offshore.1