The crew of MV Sunshine State takes the ship to sea from Pascagoula, Mississippi. The U.S. Navy would benefit from formally adopting civilian mariner certification standards. (Crowley)
Following the 2017 Navy ship collisions in the Pacific, the Vice Chief of Naval Operations (VCNO) directed the 2017 “Comprehensive Review” (CR) of maritime training, operations, and the state of surface warfare mariner skills. While the subsequent “Secretary of the Navy Strategic Readiness Review” (SRR) offered a strategic look at Navy culture and sought ideas from industry, the CR was a more tactical consideration of how the Navy does business related to training and operations.