The U.S. Maritime Transportation System (MTS) facilitates safe navigation through offshore and inshore waters that are critical for interstate and international commerce. For centuries, offshore areas were relatively free of obstructions. But today, alternative activities such as resource exploration and development, renewable energy generation, and environmental and resource conservation compete with traditional uses such as defense, transportation, commerce, and fishing. Development in offshore areas requires guidance and management.
1. Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources, Science and Environment: Panel Reports of the Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources (Stratton Commission Report), 1 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1969).
2. The White House, Executive Order 13547, Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes, 19 July 2010.
3. The White House, Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States, 19 June 2018, section 4.
4. U.S. Coast Guard, Atlantic Coast Port Access Route Study Final Report, 24 February 2016, 1.
5. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Department of the Interior, National Offshore Wind Strategy Report, September 2016, 3.
6. U.S. Coast Guard, Atlantic Coast Port Access Route Study Final Report, 16.
7. The White House, Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy, section 4 (i)(1).