Throughout human history, waging war has been a male prerogative. But in the past few years, the U.S. military has made unprecedented strides toward integrating women into the fighting force. Women now make up 16 percent of all enlisted personnel. Women were approved to serve in all combat roles in 2013 and in February 2019 a federal judge in Houston ruled that a military draft that applies only to men is unconstitutional.
At the same time, there is disturbing evidence that traditional gender attitudes and behaviors persist in the military. A 2014 Rand Corporation survey of 560,000 service members found 4.9 percent of women reported being sexually assaulted in the previous year, and 22 percent said they were sexually harassed.