Long ago, the bridge of a ship was open to the weather. This must seem obvious to those who imagine ships in the days of sail, captained by persons wearing yellow slickers and sou’westers in the driving rain. And there were beards . . . always beards.
One might think that once ships became steel, coal-fired affairs the bridge would be enclosed to protect sailors from the elements. While that is the case today, it was not always so. Even in World War II, many ocean escorts were operated with bridges open to the weather. Picture what it must have been like for watchstanders on the bridge of a very small ship in the North Atlantic during winter.