Al Jazeera English
Japan Coast Guard a tool of maritime security
The Japan Coast Guard (JCG) is a civilian law enforcement organization that performs both homeland security and non-homeland security missions under the auspices of Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. Established on 1 May 1948 as the Japanese Maritime Safety Agency, the JCG was renamed in April 2000.
The JCG’s top position has been held since the summer of 2016 by Vice Admiral Satoshi Nakajima. He is only the second JCG officer to serve as commandant. Until 2013, the post was held by civil servants from within the ministry. Nakajima’s senior leadership team consists of a vice commandant and a vice commandant of operations.
According to its official website, JCG missions include:
• Maintaining maritime order
• Guarding territorial waters and the exclusive economic zone
• Saving lives
• Protecting the marine environment
• Preparing for disasters
• Exploring the ocean
• Ensuring maritime traffic safety
• Connecting the seas