The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) is a Special Operating Agency within Canada’s Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). Unlike the multimission U.S. Coast Guard, the CCG is neither a law enforcement organization nor a unified branch of the Canadian armed forces. Instead, the CCG operates the Canadian government’s fleet of civilian vessels to patrol the world’s longest coastline and operate in a country with more lakes than the rest of the world combined.
Although its history and heritage trace back to the 1700s, the modern day CCG was founded on 26 January 1962. In 2005, it became part of the DFO as one of a series of cost-cutting measures by the Canadian government designed to place all of the government’s civilian vessels under one department. This efficiency was accomplished when the DFO’s fleet of science vessels and the Fisheries Conservation and Protection Fleet were absorbed by the CCG.