Traveling north from Yola, the capital of Adamawa state, through Adamawa and Borno states from 25 October to 1 November 2016, I personally interviewed nearly 100 Boko Haram victims—men and women—some of whom have returned to their communities and others who remain among the displaced. In addition, I interviewed local scholars, religious leaders, and former Boko Haram fighters. The information presented—the “facts”—have been provided here by those eyewitnesses. The opinions rendered from them, unless noted, are, of course, my own.
Speaking for Nigeria’s Chief of Defence Staff, on 29 October Brigadier General Rabe Abubakar, Director of Defence Information, offered these assurances:
Today, I am please[d] to inform you that we have defeated Boko Haram. It is not an easy feat. Yes, you may [have] heard that an inaccessible village has been attack[ed] or that there was an attack somewhere. But that is the last kicking of a dying group.