The Taiwan Coast Guard Administration (CGA) is a civilian law enforcement agency with both homeland security and non-homeland security missions. Founded in January 2000 as part of a government-wide effort to streamline and unify Taiwan’s maritime agencies, the CGA consolidated in one organization the Coast Guard Command (formerly under the Ministry of Defense), the Marine Police Bureau (formerly under the National Police Administration, Ministry of Interior), and several cutters from the Taiwan Directorate General of Customs. In times of war, the CGA can be transferred to Taiwan’s Ministry of Defense.
The CGA is headed by Director-General Lee Chung-wei. A 1975 graduate of the Republic of China Naval Academy, Director-General Lee was appointed to the post by President Tsai on 28 April 2016, and assumed office on 20 May 2016, becoming the first CGA director-general to be a retired military officer instead of a law enforcement official.
According to the CGA’s official website, Taiwan’s Coast Guard is responsible for:
• Management and security of the coastal regulation zone
• Safety inspection of water-bound vessels into and out of ports