During the several decades since the end of World War II, the U.S. Navy and other Western fleets suffered operational and technological “surprises” on an almost continuous basis. For the U.S. Navy it began in 1950 when non-naval North Korea planted Soviet mines that prevented an amphibious landing at Wonsan, sank four minesweepers, and damaged several other ships. The unexpected mining of the U.S. warships Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58), Princeton (CG-59), and Tripoli (LPH-10) are more recent examples of operational “surprise.” And of course, there was the North Korean capture of the spy ship USS Pueblo (AGER-2) in 1968 and the small-boat attack on the destroyer Cole (DDG-67) in 2000.
U.S. Navy - Suppressing Surprise
By Norman Polmar