Lieutenant Commander James J. Hughes, skipper of an anchored American gunboat, had just finished lunch when he was informed that a lookout on the bridge had sighted an approaching formation of aircraft but was unable to identify them. Joining the lookout, Hughes stared up into the sunlit sky and saw three large twin-engine planes in a V formation at high altitude. Word came that an Army observer on the boat deck had identified them as Japanese.
Lest We Forget - Surprise Attack!
By Lieutenant Commander Thomas J. Cutler, U.S. Navy (Retired)