In December 2012, the then-Chief of the Italian Navy, Admiral Luigi Binelli Mantelli (now Chief of the Italian Joint Defense Staff), highlighted several measures to reorient the service according to evolving geopolitical conditions and a period of budget austerity. He released a document titled Changing for Growing, offering analysis and discussion on several naval issues. Additional details were provided in the yearly Italian Navy’s Report, published in January 2013, and confirmed by the current Chief of the Italian Navy, Admiral Giuseppe De Giorgi.
Italy, like other European nations, has been obliged to drastically reduce its public spending to face the global economic crisis. Thus, the Italian defense budget has been thoroughly scrutinized to find and implement measures needed to pursue two objectives: first, rebalancing the expenditures across personnel, operations, maintenance, and procurement; second, maintaining efficiency in the military as a whole and improving interoperability with other forces and nations.