The Twilight War: The Secret History of America’s Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran
David Crist. New York: Penguin, 2012. 656 pp. Illus. Maps. Notes. Index. $36.
Reviewed by J. Furman Daniel III
In this massive new book, government historian and Marine Corps Reserve officer David Crist chronicles the three-decade quasi-war between the United States and Iran. According to the author, Iran’s quest to develop nuclear weapons is only the latest development in an undeclared conflict that has defined the history of the modern Middle East. Crist’s explanation for this poisonous association is simple: “distrust permeates the relationship.” To provide context for the mistrust that few Americans understand, the book analyzes in detail the numerous proxy-wars, state sponsorship of terrorism, sanctions, covert actions, and deception that shaped the opinions of a generation of Iranians and beguiled six American presidents.