As we were preparing this issue in late December, the world marked the 30th anniversary of the Soviet Union's 1979 invasion of Afghanistan. Our lead story this issue is a bit of a departure for us, but one we believe will be food for thought as the United States continues its own struggle at winning hearts and minds in that nation. Active-duty Commander Dave Adams, a winner several times of Naval Institute-sponsored essay contests, brought with him officers from three of the other services. They look at Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's revised plan for the war he was fighting in the late 1980s through the lens of The Counterinsurgency Manual, FM 3-24. The officers found several similarities between Gorbachev's approach and instructions from the manual. But, after an extensive history lesson on how the Soviets dealt with the Mujahideen, the authors resurrect some Soviet successes that deserve our attention.