(See J. Patch, pp. 16-17, July 2010 Proceedings)
Charles Warren, U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary-Piracy ends when the ability to shelter in, and operate from, bases on shore ends. That's what happened in the Caribbean two centuries ago. Now, how might we get there from here? A start could be to establish de facto recognition of Puntland and Somaliland. This is not a preferred option to the African nations struggling to maintain the borders bequeathed them from the colonial era. Still, it is an option that should not be ignored.