Political economist Francis Fukuyama's end-of-history concept was a popular notion that rose to prominence in the turbulent 1990s with the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the idea that the triumph of liberal democratic principles represented the ultimate (and final) form of human development. This view, although appealing in the glow of Cold War victory, was almost completely wrong. The world remained as dangerous a place as ever with the emergence of new, equally significant threats-threats that theory largely ignored. There were a number of reasons for this.
While open warfare never occurred, the demise of the Cold War enemy seemed to validate the strategy of developing mass forces for global war. Sea power was a key component of the global military strategy, the victory seen by many as one that applied tireless concepts that emphasized massive combat power to be used in decisive battle. At the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Navy was completely dominant on the seas, its forces revolving around capital ships built along distinct lines advanced by Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan a century before.