On 17 September 2009 the White House announced a decision to terminate the Bush administration's plan for ten ground-based ballistic-missile interceptors in Poland and a new advanced ballistic-missile defense radar site in the Czech Republic in favor of a "phased, adaptive approach" for missile defense of Europe.1 This policy change is one of the most significant decisions in international arms control policy since President George W. Bush's decision on 31 December 2001 to withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. President Barack Obama's decision has significant implications for U.S. Navy operations and force structure.
The First Line of Defense
The implications for the Navy of the change in the nation's ballistic-missile defense policy are significant: more missiles, more platforms, more operations. But what platforms? What structure? What money?
By Rear Admiral Ben Wachendorf, U.S. Navy (Retired)