This has not been a happy time for relations between Russia and the Indian Navy. As 2008 began, the Indians were looking forward to the delivery of their new fleet flagship, the carrier Vikramatidya (ex-Admiral Gorshkov), which was being rebuilt at Severomorsk. The first of several Indian Kilo-class submarines was completing a refit at Severodvinsk, after which she would be able to fire Klub antiship cruise missiles from at least two of her torpedo tubes. Contracts for new-generation Amur-class submarines seemed imminent. Two Akula-class nuclear-powered submarines, begun during the Soviet era and being completed with Indian funds, were about to enter Indian service. India was also taking delivery of modernized Il-38 May maritime patrol aircraft incorporating a new Sea Snake combat system. A contract had been signed for the Russians to build three more Talwar-class frigates to supplement the three already in Indian service.
World Naval Developments: Unsatisfied Customers
By Norman Friedman