The Navy began its work with dolphins in I960 when a single animal was acquired to study how they swam so efficiently. For their muscle mass and shape, they should not he able to achieve the underwater speeds they attain. The studies were inconclusive and the work was terminated. Today, better analytical techniques and new technologies have resulted in a resumplion of this work. Clearly getting higher speeds with less power would he extremely important for future submarine and underwater weapons designs.
What the Navy learned with its first experience suggested that these intelligent mammals could be useful for military missions as the seagoing equivalent of dogs employed for military and law enforcement tasks. In 1963. the first research and development program began at the Navy laboratory at Point Miigu. California. By 1967, the program was moved to the lab at Point Loma. California. Located near the entrance to San Diego Hay. this became the primary home of the Navy's marine mammal program (NMMP).