When relations warmed between Britain and the United States after the War of 1812, the two nations struck a deal for controlling arms on the U.S.-Canadian maritime border.
Just more than two years after the Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812, the Rush-Bagot Agreement went into effect, restricting the armament and number of ships on the lakes between the United States and Canada.
The accord followed a conflict rife with warships fighting some of the most fierce naval battles in history, mostly on the Great Lakes Erie and Huron and Lake Champlain. Instituted by an exchange of diplomatic letters between the British Majesty's Envoy Charles Bagot and acting U.S. Secretary of State Richard Rush, the 1817 agreement established a legal regime governing the use of the lakes by naval forces.
The Agreement's Implications Today